What Are The Important Parts Of A Research Paper?

A properly drafted research paper should contain the following seven sections, each of which has been detailed below.

  • - A title
  • - A concept, an abstract, or a summary
  • - An introduction
  • - The procedure or methods undertaken
  • - The outcome or results of the above procedures
  • - Any discussion or conclusions arrived at
  • - A bibliography


The title of your article should be precise and describe your research in a single short statement. Some common examples you could work with are:

  • - Example 1 (as a question)
  • Can a bigger marketing budget increase product sales?

  • - Example 2 (as an issue/solution)
  • Diesel generators: How to withstand a power outage.

  • - Example 3 (as a summary)
  • Lifecycle of a new Android App.


An abstract is a short but explanatory summary (200 to 500 words) of your complete research topic. Your abstract should encompass your intent, objectives, goals, results, and conclusions. This should be one of the last parts of the article that you are writing.


  • - Many students fail to recognize that a proper introduction is very important. A great introduction serves three great functions.
  • - It will engage the reader’s attention and give him/her an overview of your essay’s purpose.
  • - It provides a foundation for the topic that motivated you in the first place.
  • - It provides a short outline of the various sections in your paper.


The primary goal here is to describe the what and the how of your assignment. Explain in detail, what you did, how you did it, provide calculations you made, strategies you took, and further enhance it with charts and diagrams if possible. The reader should have access to ample data if he/she needs to duplicate your work if they are so inclined. By all means, use references to simple or standard techniques if available.


You should use this part of the article to prove your point of view with the supplied information. It is always advisable to use graphs, charts and illustrations wherever possible since this keeps the reader’s attention far better than page after page of block text.


This where you drive in the points that you have accomplished and confirmed. Give the reader some interesting observations, questions to ponder over and ideas about future work that can be done on the topic at hand.


Here you will list and give credit to all the references you used during your research.

Once drafted properly, your completed work should be easy to decipher from the point of view of your reader.